What is Buffalo Mozzarella

What is Buffalo Mozzarella, And Other Questions Answered

What is buffalo mozzarella, you ask? Ah, Mozzarella di Bufala! This luscious, slightly tangy cheese is Italy’s answer to a culinary dream.

Hailing from the Mediterranean buffalo, primarily nestled in the heart of the Italy’s Campania region, this cheese isn’t just a delight—it’s a voyage through the historic provinces of Caserta and Salerno.

Buffalo mozzarella, also known as mozzarella di bufala, is a soft, delicate cheese made from the milk of the Italian Mediterranean buffalo.

Highly prized for its unique taste and texture, buffalo mozzarella is considered a staple in Italian cuisine and a favorite among cheese connoisseurs worldwide.

How is It Made

The production of buffalo mozzarella is a time-honored tradition that involves several key steps:

  1. Milk Collection: Fresh milk from the Italian Mediterranean buffalo is collected daily to ensure the highest quality. This breed of buffalo is known for producing milk with a higher fat content, resulting in the creamier texture of buffalo mozzarella.
  2. Curd Formation: The milk is then heated and combined with rennet, an enzyme that causes it to coagulate and form curds.
  3. Curd Cutting: The curds are cut into small pieces to separate the solid curd from the liquid whey.
  4. Spinning and Shaping: The process known as “spinning” involves heating the curd and then kneading it to form a smooth, elastic consistency. The cheese is then hand-shaped into various forms, such as rounds or braids.
  5. Cooling and Packaging: The final product is immersed in cold water to set its shape and then packaged in a protective brine for freshness and preservation.
How is buffalo mozzarella made
Production handmade craftsmanship of mozzarella made with Bufala milk in the Campania region in Italy.

Protected Status and Certification

Buffalo mozzarella is so deeply rooted in Italy’s culinary heritage that it has earned a protected status.

It holds the Denominazione di Origine Protetta (DOP) certification, which ensures that the cheese meets strict quality standards and is produced in designated regions of Italy, primarily in the Campania region.

This esteemed status helps to maintain the cheese’s authenticity and preserves the traditional methods of production that have been handed down through generations.

Characteristics and Varieties

Buffalo mozzarella is loved for its delicate flavor and soft, moist texture. It is creamier than regular mozzarella made from cow’s milk, known as “fior di latte.” Some key characteristics of buffalo mozzarella include:

  • Appearance: The cheese has a slightly off-white color and a smooth surface.
  • Taste: Buffalo mozzarella has a mild, slightly tangy taste, with a hint of sweetness and a subtle earthiness.
  • Texture: It has a soft, moist, and creamy texture that can be easily sliced or pulled apart.

Buffalo mozzarella can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes, from small bite-sized pearls to large rounds weighing up to a pound. It’s commonly enjoyed in classic Italian recipes such as Caprese salad or on a traditional Neapolitan Margherita pizza .

Insalata Caprese with Buffalo Mozzarella
Classic Insalata Caprese with Buffalo Mozzarella

History of Buffalo Mozzarella

The story of buffalo mozzarella has an intriguing history rooted in Italy, particularly in Southern Italy and Naples.

Buffalo mozzarella, also known as mozzarella di bufala, is a creamy cheese made from the milk of the bufala Mediterranea Italiana or Italian Mediterranean buffalo.

The origins of this exquisite cheese trace back to the Middle Ages, with various theories suggesting the introduction of buffalo to Italy.

Some claim that the Goths were responsible for bringing the Asian water buffalo to Italy during the early medieval period. Others speculate that Arabs introduced the breeding of buffaloes in southern Italy, followed by the Normans.

Regardless of its precise origin, buffalo mozzarella has flourished in Southern Italy, especially in the fertile lands surrounding Naples. The unique climate and soil conditions in this area have created the perfect environment for buffalo to thrive, which in turn has allowed the production of this superior cheese to continue for centuries.

During World War II, buffalo mozzarella production faced challenges due to battles and devastation happening throughout Southern Italy.

However, the resilient spirit of the Italians and their dedication to preserving their culinary heritage allowed buffalo mozzarella to bounce back and maintain its status as a vital component of Italian cuisine.

Today, we cannot imagine our beloved Italian dishes like pizza, pasta, or the classic Caprese salad without the creamy goodness of buffalo mozzarella.

Such an essential ingredient not only adds flavor and texture to our favorite recipes but also connects us with a rich and storied history that feeds our passion for Italian culture and food.

Authentic Mozzarella di Bufala

Buying Tips

Finding genuine Mozzarella di Bufala can be a culinary adventure. Look for cheeses with a tight, humid surface, free from yellowish spots.

Fresh mozzarella should exude pearls of milky whey when cut and should melt effortlessly in your mouth.

Always check the expiration date to ensure you’re getting the freshest cheese. Additionally, the packaging should carry the DOC designation, assuring you of its authenticity and quality.

How to Store and Serve It

Let us share the proper way to store and serve this tasty treasure from Italian culture.

When it comes to storing buffalo mozzarella, it’s important to consider the environment of the cheese. Rather than simply wrapping it in plastic, it’s best to place it in a bowl or container with its serum (whey).

If you do not have the serum, you can store your mozzarella di bufala in a mix of cow’s milk and water. Storing it without liquid may cause it to dry up, and using plain water to store it can lead to a loss of flavor.

Interestingly, buffalo mozzarella can be safely stored at room temperature (64-77°F or 18-25°C) for up to two days. Not only does this preserve the cheese, but it can enhance its delicious organoleptic characteristics compared to refrigerating it, according to studies by the Maurizi Group.

When serving your buffalo mozzarella, an insalata caprese is a classic and beautiful way to showcase the cheese’s lustrous quality and distinct musky aroma.

Arrange slices of mozzarella di bufala alongside ripe tomatoes and fresh basil leaves (the thinner the tomato and mozzarella slices, the better, in our opinion).

Then, Drizzle some high-quality olive oil over the plate and season with a pinch of salt and black pepper for a true Italian masterpiece.

As a proud part of Italian Cooking and Living, we highly encourage you to relish every bite of your buffalo mozzarella and make sure to savor its tender, elastic consistency and unique flavors brought by the buffaloes’ diet.

Enjoy your buffalo mozzarella, and don’t forget to appreciate the joys of Italian food and culture it brings to your table.

Di Bufala in Popular Dishes….

Buffalo mozzarella is a staple in Italian cuisine and is highly regarded for its superior quality compared to mozzarella made from cow’s milk.

Many traditional Italian dishes benefit from the unique flavor and texture that buffalo mozzarella brings to the table.

One iconic dish where buffalo mozzarella takes center stage is the classic Pizza Margherita. The simple combination of buffalo mozzarella, ripe tomatoes, and fresh basil leaves on a thin crust beautifully showcases the cheese’s taste and creamy texture. Buffalo mozzarella elevates this traditional recipe to new heights for fans of Italian Cooking and Living.

Neapolitan Pizza Margherita with Mozzarella Di Bufala
Neapolitan Pizza Margherita with Mozzarella Di Bufala

Caprese Salad is another popular dish that features buffalo mozzarella. Sliced and layered with ripe tomatoes and fresh basil, this simple yet elegant salad is drizzled with extra virgin olive oil and balsamic vinegar, allowing the rich and delicate flavors of the buffalo mozzarella to shine through.

Buffalo mozzarella can also play a starring role in various pasta dishes. Combined with tender pasta and a flavorful sauce, it brings the dish to life.

For example, it can be used in baked pasta dishes, such as Lasagna. Layered between silky pasta sheets, tomato sauce, and other classic ingredients like ground meat and béchamel sauce, the buffalo mozzarella adds a depth of flavor and creaminess that sets it apart from traditional lasagna.

Similarly, buffalo mozzarella can be a delicious addition to simpler pasta recipes, tossed in with fresh tomato sauce or pesto, bringing extra richness to every bite.

…And Around the World

Buffalo mozzarella, or mozzarella di bufala, is a cherished Italian dairy product made from the milk of the Italian Mediterranean buffalo.

While this delicacy has its roots in Campania, specifically in the provinces of Caserta and Salerno, its distinct flavor has captured the hearts and taste buds of people across the globe.

In the European Union, buffalo mozzarella enjoys a special status. Mozzarella di bufala campana has earned the controlled designation of origin (DOC) since 1993, signifying a certain level of quality and connection to the Campania region.

In the United Kingdom, you can find the delicacy in many authentic Italian restaurants and specialty stores, spreading the love for this Italian gem among British food enthusiasts.

Switzerland and Canada are among the countries that import this cheese from Italy, bringing its unique taste to their citizens. High-end restaurants in these countries often include buffalo mozzarella in their menu, offering dishes that highlight the unmistakable creaminess and delicate flavor that sets it apart from cow’s milk mozzarella.

In the United States and Australia, the appetite for buffalo mozzarella has surged as well. Local farms have even started raising their own water buffaloes, hoping to replicate the authentic taste of Italian buffalo mozzarella. While the flavor might differ slightly due to regional variations in the milk and production techniques, these countries are passionately striving to create buffalo mozzarella that rivals its Italian counterpart.

Meanwhile, Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, and Colombia have seen a growing appreciation for this Italian treasure. Food lovers in these countries enjoy discovering new flavors from around the world, and buffalo mozzarella is no exception. Local markets and specialty shops import this cheese, offering people the opportunity to experience a little taste of Italy.

In Asia, countries like China and Egypt have been getting acquainted with buffalo mozzarella, finding innovative and creative ways to incorporate this unique cheese into their culinary traditions. This blend of cultures results in fascinating and delectable dishes that showcase the versatility of buffalo mozzarella.

Frequently Asked Questions

What makes buffalo mozzarella unique?

Buffalo mozzarella, a signature Italian cheese, is crafted from the milk of the Italian Mediterranean buffalo. This delicate and exquisite cheese has a creamy texture and a slightly sweet flavor, making it a beloved addition to dishes like pizzas and salads. The uniqueness of buffalo mozzarella lies not only in its taste but also in its rich Italian heritage, an integral aspect emphasized by our Italian Cooking and Living blog.

How does buffalo mozzarella compare to burrata?

Both buffalo mozzarella and burrata are Italian cheeses known for their creamy textures and delectable flavors. Buffalo mozzarella has a semi-soft consistency and a subtle sweetness, while burrata is even creamier and contains a decadent center of stracciatella and cream. While the two cheeses share similarities, they offer distinct culinary experiences that will delight the palates of anyone who appreciates authentic Italian cuisine.

Can vegetarians eat buffalo mozzarella?

Yes, vegetarians can enjoy buffalo mozzarella, as it is an animal-derived product made without harming the animals. However, many cheeses, including buffalo mozzarella, use rennet (an enzyme) to coagulate the milk, which traditionally is obtained from the stomach lining of ruminant animals. To ensure a vegetarian-friendly option, look for buffalo mozzarella made with microbial or vegetable-based rennet.

What’s the difference between buffalo and regular mozzarella?

Buffalo mozzarella, as previously mentioned, is made from the milk of Italian Mediterranean buffaloes. On the other hand, regular mozzarella is produced from cow’s milk. The distinction between these two types of mozzarella lies in their flavor profiles and textures. Buffalo mozzarella boasts a creamier and more delicate texture, with a subtle sweetness that distinguishes it from the milder and firmer regular mozzarella.

Is buffalo mozzarella healthier than regular mozzarella?

Buffalo mozzarella is often considered a healthier option compared to regular mozzarella since it contains higher levels of calcium, protein, and essential fatty acids, as well as lower amounts of cholesterol. However, it also has a higher fat content, so it’s essential to strike a balance and enjoy this cherished Italian cheese in moderation.


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