What is speck in italian food

What is Speck in Italian Food?

Ah, amici of Italian Cooking and Living! Today, we’re venturing into the heart of Italian charcuterie to answer what many of you have asked: what is speck in Italian food?

Speck is a cured ham, leaner and denser than the common bacon, and is a delightful blend of Italian and German culinary traditions.

The Origins

Originating from Alto Adige (or Südtirol, the German-speaking province of Bolzano ), Speck is a testament to Italy’s rich culinary tapestry.

The name “Speck” is derived from the German word for bacon. However, calling it bacon would be a misrepresentation.

Produced in succulent rectangular blocks, known as baffe in Italian, Speck undergoes a meticulous preparation process.

It’s brined with a harmonious mix of garlic, black pepper, juniper berries, and bay leaves. Following this, it’s cold-smoked using aromatic maple and beechwood shavings.

The meat then ages for several months, forming a firm yet moist texture. Positioned between pancetta’s intense flavors and prosciutto’s subtlety, Speck offers a unique smoky and salty taste profile.

Italian Speck vs Prosciutto

While both Speck and Prosciutto are celebrated Italian cured meats, they have distinct characteristics:

  • Flavor Profile: Prosciutto has a delicate, sweet taste, often attributed to its aging process. Speck, with its cold smoking, offers a smokier, saltier flavor.
  • Texture: Prosciutto is thinly sliced and has a melt-in-the-mouth texture. Speck, being denser, offers a slightly chewier experience.
  • Production: Prosciutto is air-dried and aged, while Speck undergoes a cold-smoking process before aging.
  • Region of Origin: Prosciutto has various regional varieties in Italy, like Prosciutto di Parma from Parma. Speck is specifically from the Alto Adige region.
  • Usage: While both can be used in similar dishes, the smokiness of Speck can add a different dimension to recipes than the milder Prosciutto.
Italian speck next to other popular cured meats
Sliced prosciutto ham is more delicate and thinly sliced than speck.

In the Kitchen

Speck is a versatile star in Italian cuisine. Sliced paper-thin beautifully complements sweet fruits like melon, pears, and figs.

For those who love a hearty dish, thick strips of Speck can be added to pasta sauces, risottos, or dishes that start with a soffritto of olive oil and chopped vegetables.

Salads featuring Speck are a treat, especially with ingredients like apples, sprouts, mushrooms, and celery hearts.

And for those who love a fusion of land and sea, Speck wrapped around scallops or paired with lobster salad is a culinary match made in heaven.

Beverage Pairings

  • White Wines: A crisp Pinot Grigio or a light Chardonnay can complement the smokiness of Speck, balancing its saltiness with its fruity notes.
  • Red Wines: A medium-bodied Barbera or a Dolcetto, with hints of cherry and soft tannins, can be a delightful pairing with Speck.
  • Beer: A smoked lager or a light pilsner can echo the smoky flavors of Speck, making for a harmonious combination.
  • Non-Alcoholic: Sparkling water with a slice of lemon or lime can cleanse the palate, enhancing the flavors of Speck in every bite.
Speck Italiano
Buffet snack appetizer with some yummy speck!

Buying Tips

While Speck from Alto Adige remains elusive in the United States, Austrian versions of this delectable meat are available in specialty stores.

For those keen on experiencing this Italian delicacy, seeking out these Austrian alternatives can offer a taste close to the original.

When buying Speck, look for a consistent color throughout the meat, indicating proper aging and curing.


In the vast world of Italian charcuterie, Speck stands out with its unique flavor and rich history. A blend of cultures, traditions, and culinary techniques, it’s a testament to Italy’s diverse gastronomic landscape.

The next time you want to elevate your dish or indulge in some authentic Italian flavors remember the smoky, salty delight that is Speck.

Buon appetito, dear readers! 🍖🇮🇹🍷


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